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Thus instead of carbon-neutral it will only be low-energy area, well behind the best examples in this field. The ambitious plans in Aspern for mixed shops and also culture-oriented use of the groundfloor structures seem only partly realizing: In that way the new housing area could not fight — as originally expected — the existing socio-spatial segregation of Stockholm city, rather adopted to it Gaffney, Regarding Aspern it is too early to talk about the social outcomes. First signs are quite different from the case of gentrifying Hammarby: Thus there is a danger that instead of the aimed social mix an unbalanced social structure might develop with the dominance of lower income families.

This would not be an unique case: Recent analysis, however, shows the dominance of low income people. It is always a big question, where to concentrate public efforts to improve the sustainability of the city in an integrated way. There are a number of interesting examples in Europe with sustainable regeneration efforts concentrating on existing urban areas.

The case of Wilhelmsburg in Hamburg is one of such examples, where a 7 year long IBA process has been established with the explicit aim of energy-led improvement of the existing low prestige neighbourhood see Czischke et al, Also the earlier URBACT publication on building energy efficiency Borghi et al, includes interesting information about interventions into old neighbourhoods of cities. The importance of the sustainable regeneration of existing urban areas has also been shown by the Bloomberg Mayors Challenge.

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In the competition of European cities one of the leading topics was to find innovative approaches to tackle the growing problems of outdated multi-family building areas. Very different technological innovations were suggested e.

Smart specialisation, triple helix, open innovation and smart cities. Going beyond the jargon

Vienna is one of the most liveable and sustainable cities of the world, with strong traditions also for social equality. The case of Aspern Seestadt illustrates well, how much efforts the city takes to develop the new residential area for the expanding population in sustainable and integrated way. Yet there are serious dangers in such projects — it is not at all easy to plan future housing areas of such a big size, achieving environmental, economic and social goals at once.

There are already now examples on modifications of the originally aimed targets. The financial crisis has reached also the richest cities which also have to decrease subsidies and give up some of their most ambitious plans. When the economic and financial circumstances deteriorate, changes, adaptations to the new circumstances are unavoidable. Such changes do not create huge problems if they only mean modifications of priorities within the same principle — e. Larger problems emerge, however, if the changes lead to the rearrangement of priorities between the basic principles.

Vienna and also Munich with the Freiham area can learn from this lesson. The balance between the economic-environmental-inclusive principles has to be checked time to time during the whole period of the development of the new neighbourhood.

It is not enough to determine the balance at the beginning — this balance has to be kept also when unavoidable financial restrictions have to be applied, public contributions have to be decreased. The well established neighbourhood management team might be a good basis to discover early signs of emerging unbalances and call the attention of politicians and planners to intervene. Large-scale new residential areas may contribute to achieve better balance between the different aspects of sustainable and integrated urban development. But this is not easy at all, it needs continuous monitoring of development and flexibility in setting the targets — to avoid the disruption of the balance between the economic, environmental and social aspects.

Building energy efficiency in European cities. Cities of Tomorrow — Action Today. Now similar methods are being used to revive sectors that have been in decline such as the motor industry. They combine open innovation with a triple helix approach, while it may seem to happen naturally in the Netherlands, which is really the product of years of partnership working in which partners are prepared to make compromises and work beyond their normal organisational context.

For example, in their work with clusters, they put the private sector in the driving seat and expect financial contributions in return. This is a new way of working for public officials and requires a more flexible approach. The triple helix is a way of conceptualising the linkages between the research centres, the businesses and the city. This can involve new forms of collaboration and arms-length agency. These are seen in many parts of Europe. Cities like Eindhoven, Rotterdam lead partner of My Generation at Work and Delft lead partner of EUniversities in the Netherlands have specialised in these triple helix approaches and in each case it is the city that takes a leading role working closely with the university and local industries.

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Now some of the more avant-garde triple helix advocates are moving towards a quadruple helix where the citizen or user is the fourth dimension. The quadruple helix takes technological innovation closer to social innovation where user-led innovation is a core methodology.

These innovations can be anything considered useful for partners in innovation cooperation; they can be, for example, technological, social, product, service, commercial, and non-commercial innovations. Creating the right type of research to business interface is also about how the university facilities fit into the city in planning terms. These are physical concentrations of knowledge-intensive or creative activity.

They come in many guises: Increasingly, such hotspots are being developed inside the city rather than at suburban greenfield sites. It calls for alternative governance polices that incorporate the local, regional and metropolitan dimensions. A cross-border metropolitan region located at the crossroads of key infrastructures for transit of goods, and so linking the major metropolitan areas in North-West Europe Paris, London, Randstad Holland, the Rhine-Ruhr basin in Germany.

Nord Pas de Calais is the fourth most populous region of France nine metropolitan regions. Just like the Ruhr region, Nord-Pas-de-Calais contributed substantially to the mining, steel and textile industrial development until the middle of the 20th century, with many of its coalfields now classified as a UNESCO world heritage sites. Nord-Pas de Calais currently still suffers the consequences of the decline of its industrial history, with net outmigration, a high unemployment rate and enduring social difficulties. The last two decades have witnessed major planning attempts of industrial restructuring and attraction of newer industries based on substantial public investment incentives.

The greater Detroit metropolitan region is located in the southeast Michigan and has one of the largest spatial footprints for cities of comparable inhabitants' numbers. The region is characterized by significant patterns of spatial economic and social division. While the Detroit city area faces serious economic challenges caused by the car-production based industrial economy decline resulting into public budget difficulties, massive enduring housing vacancies due to inhabitant outflux during the ies and ies and connected societal issues, the wider metro area counts to wealthiest regions in the US.

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Innovative planning strategies and long-term planning process are at the head of the aims of the regional planning of Detroit metropolitan area. Strong competition between cities of the region as well as relatively weak regional governmental structures count to the current challenges of endeavor to reestablish evenly the regional stability. The Kansai region is the second largest metropolitan region in Japan after the Tokyo metropolitan area. Kansai has long been the political, economical and cultural center of western Japan and the East Asian region until the capital was moved to Tokyo in and became gradually the concentrated global center.

Similarly to the Ruhr region for Germany, Kansai contributed to the prosperity of the modern Japanese industrial state. Beginning with textile production, its central area at the Osaka bay became an industrial centre of the country in the 19th century, followed by steel and chemical production during the first half and the electric machinery industry during the second half of the 20th century. Despite it continued to lose its growth position on Tokyo, the Kansai region remains under the 20 largest regional economies worldwide.

A task is thus an establishment of regional governmental structures of a regional management for coordination of strategic development tasks. Seit Jahrzehnten wird die regionale Transformation und Erneuerung von unterschiedlichsten Akteuren vorangetrieben. Der internationale Kongress, der sich mit Transformationsprozessen und Strategien urbaner Erneuerung von polyzentrischen Stadtregionen auseinandersetzt, hat fol gende Ziele: Eine international vergleichende Perspektive soll dazu beitragen, den Wandel des Ruhrgebiets in einen breiteren Kontext einzubetten und zugleich seine objektiv vor handenen Spezifika einzuordnen.

Der Kongress findet vom This panel aims at reflecting on the past and exploring the current state of older industrial regions from an international, comparative perspective.

The transformation of these regions reveals a highly diversified picture, with some cases offering obvious narratives of success, while others are blocked for various reasons. However, nothing changes radically in the short term. Hence, we wish to better understand the longer-term dynamics and trajectories of regional change measured, for instance, in terms of economic recovery, employment, urban redevelopment, knowledge generation by presenting cases of transformation that stretch over a timespan of two to three decades.

In so doing, the panel does not wish to uncover what worked, what did not and who was responsible. This sort of institutional constellation will then be confronted with the more material, persistent and structural properties of regions the role of property, political fragmentation, shadow coalitions, urban perforation, infrastructure that may still be at work and which are likely to block change, create inertia and undermine open discourse. We invite contributors to propose any cases of regions in transition that fit here.

We are also interested in learning about cases that were as extensively studied and subjected to political therapy as the Ruhr region without providing the desired success. The interesting questions in this case are how long the present lasts for and whether the newer rather than the older industrialised regions alone turn out to be the winners.

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Markus Hesse University of Luxembourg Prof. These include topics such as the development of settlements and the landscape, sustainable mobility and the multi-coded use of infrastructure, especially in post-industrial regions such as the Ruhr valley. Due to the structural change that has been taking place for decades, the area is still undergoing a transformation process.

The panel deals with two-scale urbanism. On the one hand, this means that the strategic guidelines of the region are developed and respected. On the other hand, specific projects that are implemented locally within the framework of the regional guidelines are considered. The focus of the panel should be on the implementation of these projects.

Preferably, papers submitted for this panel should outline the connection between these two levels of planning by referring. Thus, one strategic and one spatial level of consideration always exist. In order to outline the connection between the two levels, a structured description of the instruments, strategies and formats existing in the region is of great significance. Hisako Koura Kobe Design University. Today, polycentricity seems to be the dominant spatial pattern in many metropolitan regions.

However, polycentricity is a diverse concept, and we usually distinguish between at least two different forms. Intra-urban polycentric regions used to be dominated by one large city, but strong processes of suburbanisation and metropolitanisation resulted in a more dispersed settlement structure with growing secondary cities. Inter-urban polycentric regions such as the Ruhr valley never had a dominant core city, but rather consist of several larger cities that are more or less equal in size. Compared to intra-urban or formerly monocentric. However, certain advantages may also exist.

The absence of a large core city results in a more balanced settlement structure, with ampleor the Randstad are far from given. Therefore, can polycentric metropolitan regions balance the ambivalence of cooperation and competition in order to create a collaborative advantage? In some polycentric metropolitan areas, several medium-sized cities successfully follow a cooperative strategy in order to balance this disadvantage and join forces.

We invite theoretical as well as empirical papers that address the following questions:. Uta Hohn Ruhr University Bochum. The following questions will be discussed within this interdisciplinary framework: How has industrial heritage affected the public representation of the region? How do locals perceive and interact with industrial heritage, and how does it affect their personal identity? How has industrial heritage changed the shape and meaning of urban spaces over time?

Can industrial heritage prolong working class identity in the course of deindustrialisation? How does the post- industrial representation of the region compete with alternative images in the regional identity repertoire? How have these landscapes been built and preserved? The comparative perspective on regions around the world will raise these as well as new questions in the fields of social and historical sciences.

Stefan Berger Ruhr University Bochum.

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Urban landscapes in polycentric agglomerations, such as the Ruhr region or the Rhein-Main region, are characterised by a patchwork of open spaces and settlement areas. These landscapes are multifunctional und multiproductive. A variety of different forms of agriculture or horticulture and forestry can be found in these spaces. Moreover, there exists a variety of urban greenspaces, such as traditional parks or private gardens as well as priority areas for ecological protection.