AskDefine Define goldoni Printer Friendly. Carlo Osvaldo Goldoni 25 February — 6 February was a celebrated Venetian playwright and librettist , whom critics today rank among the European theatre's greatest authors. His works, along with those of the modernist Luigi Pirandello , include some of Italy 's most famous and best-loved plays. Audiences have admired the plays of Goldoni for their ingenious mix of wit and honesty. His plays offered his contemporaries images of themselves, often dramatizing the lives, values, and conflicts of the emerging middle class es.
Though he wrote in French and Italian, his plays make rich use of the Venetian language , regional vernacular, and colloquialisms. Biography Memoirs There is an abundance of autobiographical information on Goldoni, most of which comes from the introductions to his plays and from his Memoirs. However, these memoirs are known to contain many errors of fact, especially about his earlier years. In these memoirs, he paints himself as a born comedian, careless, light-hearted and with a happy temperament, proof against all strokes of fate, yet thoroughly respectable and honorable.
Such characters were common enough in Italy. In his memoirs, Goldoni describes his father as a physician , and claims that he was introduced to theatre by his grandfather Carlo Alessandro. In reality, it seems that Giulio was an apothecary ; as for the grandfather, he had died four years before Carlo's birth. In any case, Goldoni was deeply interested in theatre since his earliest years, and all attempts to direct his activity into other channels were of no avail: His father placed him under the care of the philosopher Caldini at Rimini but the youth soon ran away with a company of strolling players and returned to Venice.
In his father matriculated him into the stern Collegio Ghislieri in Pavia , which imposed the tonsure and monastic habits on its students. However, he relates in his Memoirs that a considerable part of his time was spent in reading Greek and Latin comedies.
He had already begun writing at this time; and, in his third year, he composed a libel lous poem Il colosso in which he ridiculed the daughters of certain Pavian families. He studied law at Udine , and eventually took his degree at Modena. He was employed as law clerk at Chioggia and Feltre , after which he returned to his native city and began practicing.
Educated as a lawyer, and holding lucrative positions as secretary and councillor, he seemed, indeed, at one time to have settled down to the practice of law, but an unexpected summons to Venice, after an absence of several years, he changed his career, and thenceforth he devoted himself to writing plays and managing theatres.
His father died in In , to avoid an unwanted marriage, he left the town for Milan and then for Verona , where the theatre manager Giuseppe Imer helped him on his way to becoming a comical poet as well as introducing him to his future wife, Nicoletta Conio. Goldoni returned with her to Venice, where he stayed until Theatrical career He entered the Italian theatre scene with a tragedy , Amalasunta, produced at Milan.
Commedie scelte di Carlo Goldoni.
The play was a critical and financial failure. Submitting it to Count Prata, director of the opera, he was told that his piece "was composed with due regard to the rules of Aristotle and Horace , but not according to those laid down for the Italian drama.
Everything must be done according to a certain form which I will explain to you. His next play, Belisario, written in , was more successful, though of its success he afterward professed himself ashamed. During this period he also wrote librettos for opera seria and served for a time as literary director of the San Giovanni Grisostomo , Venice's most distinguished opera house. He wrote other tragedies for a time, but he was not long in discovering that his bent was for comedy.
During his many wanderings and adventures in Italy, he was constantly at work and when, at Livorno , he became acquainted with the manager Medebac , he determined to pursue the profession of playwriting in order to make a living. He was employed by Medebac to write plays for his theater in Venice. He worked for other managers and produced during his stay in that city some of his most characteristic works. He also wrote Momolo Cortesan in This style was typified in La Donna di garbo, the first Italian comedy of its kind.
List of works by Carlo Goldoni | Revolvy
After , Goldoni collaborated with the composer Baldassare Galuppi , making significant contributions to the new form of ' opera buffa '. Galuppi composed the score for more than twenty of Goldoni's librettos. As with his comedies, Goldoni's opera buffa integrate elements of the commedia dell'arte with recognisable local and middle-class realities. Move to France and death In , he engaged in a bitter dispute with playwright Carlo Gozzi , which left him utterly disgusted with the tastes of his countrymen; so much so that in he moved to Paris, where he received a position at court and was put in charge of the Theatre Italien.
He spent the rest of his life in France, composing most of his plays in French and writing his memoirs in that language.
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Among the plays which he wrote in French, the most successful was Le Bourru bienfaisant , produced on the occasion of the marriage of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette in He enjoyed considerable popularity in France; when he retired to Versailles , the King gave him a pension. He lost this pension after the French Revolution. The Convention eventually voted to restore his pension the day after his death. Goldoni's impact on Italian theatre Goldoni relates in considerable length in his Memoirs the state of Italian comedy when he began writing.
He wrote, and was obsessed with, the relationships that humans establish with one another, their cities and homes, the Humanist movement, and the study of philosophy. The moral and civil values that Goldoni promotes in his plays are those of rationality, civility, humanism, the importance of the rising middle-class, a progressive stance to state affairs, honor and honesty. Goldoni had a dislike for arrogance, intolerance and the abuse of power. Goldoni's main characters are no abstract examples of human virtue, nor monstrous examples of human vice.
They occupy the middle ground of human temperament. Goldoni maintains an acute sensibility for the differences in social classes between his characters as well as environmental and generational changes. Goldoni pokes fun at the arrogant nobility and the pauper who lacks dignity. As in other theatrical works of the time and place, the characters in Goldoni's Italian comedies spoke originally either the literary Tuscan variety which became modern Italian or the Venetian dialect, depending on their station in life.
However, in some printed editions of his plays he often turned the Venetian texts into Tuscan, too.
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Belisario Rinaldo di Montalbano Giustino 17?? Ircana in Ispaan , "Ircana in Isfahan" 17?? La peruviana , "The Peruvian Woman" 17?? La bella selvaggia , "The Savage Beauty" 17?? La dalmatina , "The Dalmatian Woman" 17?? Artemisia , " Artemisia " 17?? Enea nel Lazio , " Aeneas in Latium " 17?? Zoroastro , " Zoroaster " 17?? La bella giorgiana , "The Georgian Beauty" 17?? Amalasunta Gustavo c. La ninfa saggia , "The Wise Nymph" 17?? Gli amanti felici , "The Happy Lovers" 17?? Le quattro stagioni , "The Four Seasons" 17?? Il coro delle muse , "The Choir of the Muses" 17??
La pace consolata , "Peace Comforted" 17?? L'amor della patria , "Love for the Country" 17?? L'oracolo del Vaticano , "The Vatican's Oracle" 17?? Magdalena conversio , "The Conversion of Magdalene " 17?? Il disinganno in corte , "The Disappointment at the Court" 17?? Il colosso , a satire against Pavia girls which led to Goldoni being expelled from Collegio Ghislieri Il quaresimale in epilogo — Nuovo teatro comico , "New Comic Theater", plays.
Paris Goldoni's collected works. Biography Memoirs There is an abundance of autobiographical information on Goldoni, most of which comes from the introductions to his plays and from his Memoirs. Theatrical career He entered the Italian theatre scene with a tragedy , Amalasunta , produced at Milan. Commedie scelte di Carlo Goldoni. Italian View all editions and formats Rating: More like this User lists. Allow this favorite library to be seen by others Keep this favorite library private. Find a copy in the library Finding libraries that hold this item Carlo Goldoni Find more information about: Reviews User-contributed reviews Add a review and share your thoughts with other readers.