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Supreme Leader of Iran
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When Victory Is Not an Option. Reports on North Korea: Night in the Emperor's Garden. Women and Politics in the Islamic Republic of Iran. State and Religion in the Arab World. Iran After the Bomb. Dangerous But Not Omnipotent. As the rest of the clergy governed affairs on a daily basis, the Supreme Leader is capable of mandating a new decision as per the concept of Vilayat-e Faqih. Shortly before Imam Khomeini's death a change was made in the constitution allowing a lower ranking Shia cleric to become Supreme Leader. Khomeini had a falling out with his successor Hussein-Ali Montazeri who disapproved of human rights abuses by the Islamic Republic  such as the mass execution of political prisoners in late summer and early autumn Montazeri was demoted as a marja and Khomeini chose a new successor, a relatively low-ranking member of the clergy, Ali Khamene'i.
Khomeini wrote a letter to the president of the Assembly for Revising the Constitution, which was in session at the time, making the necessary arrangements to designate Khamene'i as his successor, and Article was revised accordingly.
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The constitution of Iran combines concepts of both democracy and theocracy , theocracy in the form of Khomeini's concept of vilayat-e faqih Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist , as expressed in the Islamic Republic. According to Ayatollah Khomeini, the Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist was not restricted to orphans or mental incompetents, but applied to everyone in absence of the twelfth Imam.
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After the revolution Shia Muslims or at least Iranian Shia were commanded to show allegiance to the current vali-e faghih , Guardian Jurist or Supreme Leader. In this new system, the jurist oversaw all governmental affairs. The complete control exercised by the Faqih was not to be limited to the Iranian Revolution because the revolution and its Leader had international aspirations. As the constitution of the Islamic Republic states, it. According to author Seyyed Vali Nasr, Khomeini appealed to the masses, during the pre period, by referring to them as the oppressed and with charisma and political ability was tremendously successful.
He became a very popular role model for Shiites and hoped for the Iranian Revolution to be the first step to a much larger Islamic revolution, transcending Shia Islam, in the same way that Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky wanted their revolution to be a world revolution, not just a Russian one. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the s communist newspaper, see Rahbar newspaper. Islamic Republic of Iran. Islamic Consultative Assembly Speaker: Supreme National Security Council Secretary: Political parties and factions.
Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist. Iran portal Islam portal Politics portal.
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Retrieved 1 July — via Reuters. Archived from the original on Iran pursues ballistic missile work, complicating nuclear talks". Archived from the original on 1 August